The Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which classifies mental health conditions, may be used to identify autism spectrum disorders in children with Down syndrome. Previously questions have been raised about the diagnosis of autism in children with DS due to developmental and cognitive delays. Autism has been difficult to differentiate from other behaviours such as repetitive actions, communication difficulties, as well as cognitive delays. For these reasons, health professionals hesitate to diagnosis autism in children with DS and children are unable to receive specialized treatment for their condition.
This study provides evidence about the accuracy of implementing DSM to diagnose ASD in Down syndrome. As a result, the findings should give confidence to physicians to use DSM, and as such help treat children based on their exact conditions. To read more about this study, click the link below.